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    IoT Architecture: What is it And How it Works

    IoT Architecture: What is it And How it Works

    Ilya Dudkin


    6 min read

    how does iot work

    If we think of the way that our body works, there are many parts that are all controlled by one single brain. This analogy can be applied to the IoT device architecture because just like in the human body, all the devices are connected to one single network which transmits data, analyzes it and finds ways to make certain processes more efficient.
    The IoT (Internet of Things) has many uses and applications which are sure to make an impact on a variety of industries to make processes more efficient, reduce costs and waste for businesses and pass along all these cost savings to the end consumer.
    Since the IoT is quickly gaining popularity among users and simplifying many time-consuming tasks let’s take a look at exactly what is the IoT and how does IoT work.

    IoT System

    There are many parts that the internet of things is comprised of. First of all, it consists of devices that have sensors either built-in or external ones that monitor areas around another device. It also needs a method to transmit this data to the cloud for analysis which is accomplished via gateways. This a term that refers to the method of data transmission which also makes an impact in terms of data quality by filtering data and classifying it better for further analysis. After the data is collected it is usually stored in data lakes or warehouses which can provide some deeper insights to make certain processes and user commands more efficient.

    When delving deep down into how does the internet of things work, we will see that machine learning comes into play. With machine learning, software development is taken to greater heights because we can create more precise and efficient models for controls apps. These models will be updated as needed based on historical data collection which will be stored in a big data warehouse. When the new models are created, they will be tested for efficiency they will be put into use by the control applications.

    iot device architecture

    Device and User Management

    1. One of the internet of things basics is device and user management. Unfortunately, we cannot yet simply install the devices and then just do nothing. The IoT requires constant tweaks and adjustments along with monitoring to prevent malfunctioning or a full collapse. These procedures include:
      Device ID – The biggest thing here is to verify that you have a genuine device on your hands. This will ensure that it can transmit data in a secure manner.
    2. Control and Configuration – After you have installed the device, there may be some additional parameters which will need some adjustment or may be written in entirely. A big part of the internet of things concept is that the IoT will have a unique role to play in the life of each individual user that will simplify tasks that a specific user finds time-consuming or simply inconvenient. So always be sure to add in any extra parameters and adjust the settings as the case may be.
    3. Device Monitoring – Be sure to constantly keep an eye on all the diagnostics so that each device and the network itself is functioning properly.
    4. Software Updates – By making sure that all the software is up to date, you ensure that you have all the new functions and capabilities without all the bugs that may have existed in the previous versions.

    In terms of user management, it important that each user has their own unique roles and access permissions. This includes adding new users or deleting current ones, settings management and having the ability to perform certain functions within a system.

    iot architecture

    Practical Applications

    So far, we looked at what is the IoT and how IoT works. It has many uses and applications across many industries. For example, in the airline industry, it can give engineers live updates in terms of the location of individual maintenance equipment which increases their overall effectiveness and reduces costs, makes their process more efficient and, in turn, such efficiency translates into more reliable flights with fewer delays and flight cancelation.

    This is just one way the IoT is making an impact on our daily lives. In the near future, it will provide significant business value which by some estimates could be as much as $11.1 trillion in overall economic value by 2025.

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